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Personality and Self-Efficacy as Predictors of Religiosity among Egyptian College Students

Ahmed M. Abdel-Khalek and Mai Helmy

Published: 2021/12/01


The present research explores the relationships between religiosity, personality, and self-efficacy in a sample of Egyptian undergraduates (N = 544). They responded to the self-rating scale of religiosity, the Arabic Big-Five Personality Inventory, and the Arabic Self-Efficacy Scale. Men obtained significantly higher mean total scores than women on Extraversion, Openness, Conscientiousness, and Self-efficacy. Women scored significantly higher than men on Neuroticism and Agreeableness. A principal components analysis extracted a single bipolar component labeled positive personality traits versus neuroticism. All Pearson correlations between the study scales were significant and positive except those with Neuroticism (negative). Stepwise regression analysis indicated that the main predictors of religiosity were Agreeableness and Openness in men and Conscientiousness in women. It appears that persons with high religiosity scores have positive personality traits and high self-efficacy. Although causality remains uncertain, the results suggest that it might be fruitful to integrate Islamic beliefs and practices into psychotherapeutic techniques for Muslim clients. Keywords: Religiosity, Big-Five, Personality, Self-efficacy, Egy

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