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Prediction of Hopelessness in a Western Sample Using Scores on the Arabic Scale of Optimism and Pessimism

Maboubeh Dadfar, David Lester, Stephanie McSwain and Ahmed M. Abdel-Khalek

10.46469/mq.2020.61.1.6

Published: 2020/09/01

Abstract

In a study of 154 American undergraduates, hopelessness scores were predicted significantly by scores on the Arabic Scale of Optimism and Pessimism (ASOP), while self-esteem scores, sex and age did not contribute significantly to the prediction of hopelessness. Scores on the ASOP were associated in the expected direction with the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale and the Beck Hopelessness Scale, indicating good construct validity for the ASOP. This demonstrates the cross-cultural validity of the ASOP in a Western sample.

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